From Swelling to Thrombosis: The Risks of Cosmetic Treatments

From Swelling to Thrombosis: The Risks of Cosmetic Treatments From Swelling to Thrombosis: The Risks of Cosmetic Treatments. Photo: pexels

Patients Should Compile a Checklist of Questions Before Agreeing to Surgeries or Cosmetic Procedures

By Priscila Carvalho, from Agência Einstein

+ Video: Influencer and Dancer Luana Andrade Dies at 29 After Cosmetic Procedure

Those who seek plastic surgeries or cosmetic treatments do not anticipate the worst-case scenario. However, the risks of procedures need to be evaluated before making any decision to prevent experiences like that of the former Canadian model Linda Evangelista.

Only after undergoing sessions of cryolipolysis—a non-invasive technique aimed at destroying fat cells through cooling—was the ex-model informed that reactions could occur, though rare.

According to her social media post, Linda developed paradoxical adipose hyperplasia (PAH), a condition that not only compromised the results of her treatment but also increased the layer of fat she aimed to reduce.

Newton Morais, a dermatologist and member of the Brazilian Society of Laser in Medicine and Surgery, explains that the problem occurs when the fat cells that were supposed to be eliminated by the technique grow in size and adopt a different consistency. “The deformation can only be corrected by liposuction,” he points out.

The specialist emphasizes that in the past, consequences like these were more common due to the use of older equipment. Today, it is considered safer.

Common effects still include minor bruises at the site, delayed pain (after the fifth day), and swelling in the area. To reduce the risk of complications, it is necessary to seek clinics or dermatological offices registered for this method.

The ex-model stated that, as the procedure left her “permanently deformed” and “unrecognizable,” she filed a lawsuit against the clinic for negligence, false advertising, and for not being warned about the possible effects.

What to Look Out For Before Procedures?

When deciding on an aesthetic intervention or plastic surgery, it’s important to ask the professionals about any potential side effects, however rare, what the risks are, and whether the technique is suitable for the patient’s profile.
Liposuction, for example, is not intended for “weight loss,” as explained by Marcelo Sampaio, a plastic surgeon and general surgery specialist at Hospital das Clínicas (USP), and is not recommended for patients with obesity.

“The technique is indicated for removing localized fat. People get confused and think it’s for losing weight,” says Sampaio. He reinforces that, as an invasive procedure, it carries the same risks as any common surgery and should, therefore, be performed in a hospital environment.

Among the most frequent effects, Sampaio lists thrombosis, allergies, bleeding, and infections. Furthermore, there are rules for performing liposuction: a doctor can only remove up to 7% of the patient’s body fat weight and 25% of the body surface.

When undergoing surgery, it is also necessary for the individual to take post-operative care seriously. It is important, for instance, to avoid sun exposure and physical strain to reduce the risk of skin stains and edema.

Examinations and Evaluations

Before invasive procedures, specialists should ensure that patients are in suitable conditions. This includes requesting blood and heart tests, as well as an investigation of the health history.

Check the Professionals’ Credentials

Another crucial step is to look for qualified specialists who follow all the protocols required by health authorities.
(Source: Agência Einstein)

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